Wine production and storage: Portuguese terms explained

Wine production and storage. Portuguese terms explained

If you’re planning to travel in Portugal, buy wine and visit some wine estates, you’ll probably encounter some of these Portuguese terms related with wine production and storage.
Discover the small but important differences between Quinta, Monte or Herdade as they all refer to Estate and – prepare yourself – you’ll also find these words’ etymology.
This is about to get really nerdy!

Disclaimer: I see myself as the Jon Snow of portuguese wines: “I know nothing”. The same applies to etymology and its peculiar science, I know absolutely nothing. Blame Wikipedia if you find something shady or wrong. But do get in touch and let me know!

Pipa: Cask

In Portuguese Pipa refers to a type of cask used to store wine. It has a 550 liters (132 gallons) capacity.
Etymology: from Latin pipa (“pipe”).
Wood barrels are used for wine storage.
Wine cask

Cuba: Wine vat

It refers to a large vat made out of stone, concrete or metal.
Cuba is also a town and municipality in central Alentejo. Map.
Etymology: From Latin cūpa (“tub, cask, large bawl”).

Cave: Cellar

Etymology: from Latin cava (“cavity”), from cavus (“hollow”). It has the same origin as the english word cave.

Adega: Wine house, cellar

Adega has multiple meanings depending on which context the word is used.
It can be the place where wine is produced or, like garrafeira, where wine is stored. A restaurant with a good wine selection is also commonly referred to as Adega
Etymology: From Latin apothēca, from Ancient Greek ἀποθήκη (apothḗkē) meaning repository, storehouse, warehouse. The same source as the Spanish word bodega.
Adega Mayor is a wine production facility in Alentejo.
Adega Mayor by the Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira

Garrafeira: Liquor store

The broader meaning refers to all the places where one keeps garrafas (bottles).

Casa: House, estate

Casa, in the wine producing industry, normally evoques a lineage and is associated with a family or a very old property. Example Casa de Santar, founded in 1790.
Etymology: From Latin casa (genitive “casae”) meaning hut, cottage also rural property, small farm or dwelling, residence, house (Late Latin, Medieval Latin).

Quinta: Farm, estate

When I researched for the origin of quinta it really blew my mind.
Etymology: From Latin quintana – cognate to English quintain (“A street in the Roman camp, separating the fifth and sixth maniples, containing the marketplace”).
Quinta do Vesúvio in the Douro Valley

Monte: Hill, estate

Monte is used mainly in the Alentejo region to refer to a small or medium-sized estate.
Being Alentejo geography mainly formed by plains, montes (hills) form distinctive silhouettes on the horizon. So, owning a monte normally means owning the hill and surrounding land. 
Etymology: From Latin montis, genitive singular of Latin mōns, from Proto-Indo-European men- (“to stand out, to tower”).

Herdade: Homestead

Herdade is used in the Alentejo region and it stands for a large or very large estate usually implying an operating business. Herdade has its origin in Latin hereditas (“inheritance”, “hereditary succession” or “hereditary legacy”).
Herdade dos Grous is a renowned wine producer in Alentejo.
Herdade dos Grous in Albernôa, Beja

Cooperativa: Cooperative

This term is a short version of Cooperativa Agrícola (“Agricultural Cooperative”). The cooperative movement began in Europe in the 19th century, primarily in Britain and France. Wikipedia.
In Portugal the agricultural cooperatives were truly promoted from the 1920s onward during the Estado Novo regime. Many of those cooperativas are still in function to this day, producing wine, specially in the Alentejo region.

Understanding wine production and storage terms is essential to get into Portuguese wine culture. Any doubt or suggestion? 
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